Overview of Sports Performance
Sports performance is a
concept that is vague and overly misused. Sports performance study
is the understanding of optimal sports instruction techniques within a
foundation of a sound musculoskeletal system and proper physical conditioning
with the appropriate psychological attributes.
These three factors
come together to make an elite athlete. Frequently, elite athletes
are separated with less than 1% of ability. An athlete's commitment
to work upon specific weaknesses within these three frameworks is
paramount to success.
Three components that comprise sports
performance are physique, physical conditioning and psychological
Human muscle movement, specifically
biomechanics, helps an instructor or coach to optimize sports performance.
Simple mathematical models have been used to illustrate the athletic
movements. In general these are a good starting point, however as
every athlete has uniqueness in their flexibility, joint mechanics,
conditioning and injuries, individualized variations need to be identified
early and corrected through proper instruction.
The goal of sports mechanics is to provide
proper teaching techniques across all levels of athletes as well as proper
identification of biomechanical errors that are evident in performance.
Understanding sports mechanics helps eliminate the trial-and-error
approach to coaching and helps specify the weakness, abnormality or injury
and biomechanically accommodate for it.
Similarly, it is important to asses for proper
sports equipment given the physique and biomechanics of movements of each
Athletes perform skills with what an instructor
terms as good or poor technique. Good form and technique are very
alike. Poor performance in athletic ability vary for multiple
Top athletes incorporate sound basic
instruction with their elite athletic ability enhanced by exceptional
visual motor learning.
Should you have any further questions
regarding this article, please direct your questions or comments to "Ask
the Doctor" section.
Copyright © 2004 - 2012Taras V.
Kochno, M.D. All Rights Reserved
Board Certified in
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation