Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Bradenton FL & Parrish FL - Sports Medicine physician Florida USA

Bradenton FL 941.755.8819

 Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation


 Sports Medicine Home
About Dr. Kochno
Clinical Articles
Patient Info
Contact Us
Referral Process
Professional Staff
Press Release

Sports Events

Sports Medicine Overview
 Sports Performance
 Assessments in Sports
 Athletic Assessment
 Athletic Performance

 Baseball Pitchers and Hitting

Baseball Pitching Velocities

 Rehabilitation in Boxing
 Concept of an Executive Medical Boxing Board

Golf Facts
Golf Conditioning

Swing Mechanics
 Faults & Resulting Injuries
Shoulder in Sports
 Age and Injury
Muscle Memory
Science And Golf
 Golfer’s Spine
Spine Mechanics
Motor & Muscle Memory
Biomechanics Of Golf
Golf Mechanics - Questions

 Knee Capsule Strain
 Psoas Minor Strain

Basic Anatomical Review

Elbow Joint
Radial - Ulnar Joint
Wrist Joint, Fingers and Hands
 Hip Joint and Pelvis
 Ankle & Knee

Musculoskeletal Disorders
 Cervical Pain
Low Back Pain
Joint Mobilization of the Wrist
Upper Ankle Sprains
Lower Ankle Sprains

Alternative Health
Composition of the Human Body
Mattes Method®
Energy Medicine

Health Care Reform Issues
 Post-Acute Reimbursement System

Motor Vehicle Accidents
Overview of Motor Vehicle Accidents

Understanding Stress
Athletic Anxiety

 Role Of Physiatry
 Case Management in Subacute Settings
 The Road To Recovery Following A Stroke
 Viewpoint of Subacute Care
 MindDrive Study


Postural Muscle Pain

Posture And Gait:  Kinesiology Application To Motion

Posture Assessment

Chronic Forward Cervical - Head Posture 

Biking Biomechanics and Injuries

Frequently Asked Questions

Drug Lookup

Sarasota Memorial Nursing Home Facility

New Patient Forms

  Patient Information

Automobile Accident/Injury Form


Golf - Motor Learning And Muscle Memory


Tiger Woods was an exceptional golfer, yet he required one year to change some of his old habits, which helped optimize his golf game.  Other golfers allow themselves two years of retraining to correct old habits and engrain them into new muscle memory.

In motor learning of an athletic skill, the muscles develop a pattern after repeated physical motion.  This pattern becomes engrained in the brain such that at any given time the motion and mechanics of a golf swing can be recalled with success.  The more the skill is practiced and  perfected, the more heightened is the muscle memory.

Motor learning is maximized by incorporating as many senses or sensory input into the training.  Students are asked to incorporate reading, listening to verbal explanation, viewing the drill as well as physically performing the drill.

Unfortunately, most golfers have had various instructors making multiple minor or major adjustments in their golf swing, which leads to confusion in the brain.  This confusion cannot establish a firm muscle memory.  As a result, the information to motor memory has too many variation thus lacks consistent reproducibility.  In golf you learn by doing it correctly time after time.  Old habit patterns must be changed and changed for good.

Research from Johns Hopkins University shows that to learn a new skill, it is not enough simply to practice it.  After practicing a skill, you have to allow enough time for the brain to encode the information.  For about six hours after you learn a new motor skill, there is a window of vulnerability during which this new skill can be erased from your memory if you try to learn another additional skill.  This is why students often get confused and discouraged with trying to learn golf.  The problem is not in the amount of information you are receiving about any one skill or task, but the number of tasks presented all at once.  You can absorb a lot of information about the task you are learning, but if there is not a sufficient incubation period for this task, your brain will forget what you have learned.


Should you have any further questions regarding this article, please direct your questions or comments to "Ask the Doctor" section.


Copyright © 2004 - 2012Taras V. Kochno, M.D.  All Rights Reserved
Board Certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation










Sports Medicine Home | About Dr. Kochno | Sports Medicine: Clinical Articles | Physiatrist | Services | Kinesiology | Patient Info | Contact | Referral Process  | Press Release | Site Map | Search | Privacy Policy | Blog

 Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Sports Medicine And Rehabilitation, Bradenton FL