Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Bradenton FL & Parrish FL - Sports Medicine physician Florida USA

Bradenton FL 941.755.8819

 Sports Medicine & Rehabilitation
 INTERNATIONAL
 

 

 Sports Medicine Home
 
About Dr. Kochno
 
Clinical Articles
 
Physiatrist
 
Services
 
Kinesiology
 
Patient Info
 
Contact Us
 
Referral Process
 
Professional Staff
 
Press Release
 
Gallery
 Resources

Sports Events

Sports Medicine Overview
 Sports Performance
 Assessments in Sports
 Athletic Assessment
 Stretching
 Athletic Performance
 Kinesiology

Baseball 
 Baseball Pitchers and Hitting

 
Baseball Pitching Velocities

Boxing
 Rehabilitation in Boxing
 Concept of an Executive Medical Boxing Board

Golf
Golf Facts
Golf Conditioning

 
Swing Mechanics
 Faults & Resulting Injuries
 
Shoulder in Sports
 Age and Injury
 
Muscle Memory
 
Science And Golf
 Golfer’s Spine
 
Spine Mechanics
 
Motor & Muscle Memory
 
Biomechanics Of Golf
 
Golf Mechanics - Questions

Football
 Knee Capsule Strain
 Psoas Minor Strain

Basic Anatomical Review
 Spine

 
Shoulder
 
Elbow Joint
 
Radial - Ulnar Joint
 
Wrist Joint, Fingers and Hands
 Hip Joint and Pelvis
 Ankle & Knee

Musculoskeletal Disorders
 Cervical Pain
 
Low Back Pain
 
Joint Mobilization of the Wrist
 
Upper Ankle Sprains
 
Lower Ankle Sprains

Alternative Health
 
Composition of the Human Body
 
Mattes Method®
 
Energy Medicine

Health Care Reform Issues
 Post-Acute Reimbursement System

Motor Vehicle Accidents
 
Overview of Motor Vehicle Accidents

Understanding Stress
Athletic Anxiety

Other
 Role Of Physiatry
 Case Management in Subacute Settings
 The Road To Recovery Following A Stroke
 Viewpoint of Subacute Care
 MindDrive
 MindDrive Study

Posture

Postural Muscle Pain

Posture And Gait:  Kinesiology Application To Motion

Posture Assessment

Chronic Forward Cervical - Head Posture 

Biking Biomechanics and Injuries

Frequently Asked Questions

Drug Lookup

Sarasota Memorial Nursing Home Facility

                                        
New Patient Forms

  Patient Information

Automobile Accident/Injury Form

 

Cervical Pain

 

Cervical pain is the third leading cause of pain following headaches and then low back pain.  At some in their life, at least 80% of the population will experience some form of cervical or neck pain. 

45% of working men have been affected with at least one episode of stiff neck.  The frequency of cervical pain syndromes doubles from ages 25-45.

To understand cervical pain, it is essential that one have a concise knowledge of cervical anatomy.

In the adult spine the neck is held in a slightly lordotic position with a slight scoliosis that can be identified in 80% of the people to the left.

All range of motion is possible in the cervical spine with flexion having the chin touch the sternum, extension to have the eyes horizontal to the ceiling, rotation 90 degrees is to have the chin over the shoulders.

The cervical spine is comprised of seven vertebrae. Just below the occiput or the skull the first and second vertebrae are unique in their anatomical structure and function.

The more distal cervical vertebrae of the third through the seventh vertebrae are more identical and functionally perform as a unit in flexion, extension rotation and lateral flexion.

The first two vertebrae C1 and C2 are unique. C1 is called the atlas adjacent to the occiput. The primary function of the atlas is to allow flexion and extension having flexion of 10 degrees and extension of 25 degrees.

Some have functionally related the atlas as being a washer when using the analogy of a bolt and nut.

The second cervical vertebra is called the axis. Its function is to provide rotation, which gives 50% of functional rotation of the cervical spine. It allows for 45 degrees rotation to either side.

Cervical vertebrae three through seven inclusive allow for another 50% rotation to accommodate for the full 90 degrees to either side as well as optimize flexion and extension and promote lateral flexion.

Lateral flexion is obtained from the primary lateral flexors, the scalenes which have their origin in the upper cervical attachments.

The spine achieves its greatest flexion in the mid cervical region of C4-5 and C5-6. The greatest extension is noted in the C4-5 region. Therefore it is obvious that with repetitive motions and repetitive use, osteoarthritic changes can be first noted in the regions of C4-5 and C5-6.

The cervical area contains many pain sensitive structures, which includes the bone vertebrae, the many including the large ligaments being the anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments, the nerve roots, the facet joints and capsules as well as the attaching muscles of the neck.

The source of pain can originate from any one of these structures, as well as create a pattern of referred pain for these structures that mimic peripheral nerve neuropathics.

 

Should you have any further questions regarding this article, please direct your questions or comments to "Ask the Doctor" section.

 

Copyright © 2004 - 2012Taras V. Kochno, M.D.  All Rights Reserved
Board Certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

 

HOME

 
Google

 

 

 

 

CLOSE WINDOW

Sports Medicine Home | About Dr. Kochno | Sports Medicine: Clinical Articles | Physiatrist | Services | Kinesiology | Patient Info | Contact | Referral Process  | Press Release | Site Map | Search | Privacy Policy | Blog


 Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Sports Medicine And Rehabilitation, Bradenton FL