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Athletic Performance Enhanced By Kinesiology

 

Athletic Performance enhanced by Kinesiology, Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Centers Bradenton Ellenton Parrish FL / Florida.  Artwork by Julietta Wilson CIW SEO

No two athletes are alike.  They differ in body type, muscle composition, but more importantly, they differ in their bio-mechanics.  The focus of this review is to identify the critical factors that  promote optimal performance through perfect bio-mechanics.

Each athlete has their own unique skeletal structure, bone size, muscle type, flexibility, and mental discipline.  In the goal of peak performance without risk of injury, bio-mechanical motion must be critically analyzed.  This discipline of analysis is called kinesiology. 

Kinesiology is the intricate knowledge of anatomical movement and balance of muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints.  The proper kinetic movement and balance enhances the athlete's performance and conditioning potential. 

Kinetic analysis is optimal when movement is performed with the least possible number of muscles contracting.  However, when weakness of these primary muscles develop, the body provides assistance from other muscles.  Over-recruitment of muscles results in musculoskeletal mal-alignment.  Balanced musculoskeletal alignment is achieved by keeping the muscular contractions down to the minimum. 

The human body is known for its primary five senses:  touch, taste, sight, hearing and smell.  The sixth kinesthetic sense is usually forgotten.  The kinesthetic sense is the perception of motion and position. 

Analysis of human motion is guided by a number of principles.  These principles focus on muscle contraction, effect of gravity, and gravity's role upon the muscles.

 

The five basic principles of muscle action are:

  •   Muscles pull, they do not push.

  •   Muscles contract in the center.

  •   Action of the muscle on a joint will be determined by its attachment points.

  •   Muscles create movement and/or maintain position.

  •   Three types of contractions are possible:  shortening (concentric), static (neutral), and lengthening (eccentric).

 

 

Why do some muscles strain or tear more frequently than others?

 

Unbalanced overtraining or under-training of muscle groups lead to strains or tears, especially through quick acceleration-deceleration movements.  Another factor that contributes to tearing is the number of joints a muscle, transverses.  The joint muscles such as the hamstrings (biceps femoris), quadraceps (rectus femoris), calf (gastronemius), and groin (gracillis) are more likely to be torn than  single joint muscles.  Muscles that have proper conditioning, flexibility, and balance, have significantly lower incidence of strain or tear.

Peak athletic performance is achieved through proper instruction in bio-mechanics and conditioning.  Most importantly, the value of kinetic analysis is benefited only when the athlete has encoded muscular movements to memory.  Muscle memory is identical to mind memory.  Perform a physical movement repetitively and the same phenomenon will occur.  To quote a great athlete Roger Hornsby, a lifetime .358 hitter, "A great hitter isn't born, he's made.  He's made out of practice, fault correction, and confidence."

 

Should you have any further questions regarding this article, please direct your questions or comments to "Ask the Doctor" section.

 

Copyright © 2004 - 2012Taras V. Kochno, M.D.  All Rights Reserved
Board Certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

 

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