Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation Bradenton FL & Parrish FL - Sports Medicine physician Florida USA

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The Ankle and Knee

 

Ankle and Knee (Julietta Wilson)

Ankle

The ankle is important in all walking, running and jumping activities.  It provides the major push in propelling the body forward and upward.

The ankle has two movements, flexion and extension.  The ankle and proximal foot muscles and ligaments contribute to two other "ankle" movements of inversion and eversion.

Developing muscle strength in the ankle and foot, especially those muscles of inversion and eversion, help prevent ankle sprain.

 

Knee

The knee is a very complex joint.  The knee joint is a hinge joint and its action is similar to the movement of a door on hinges.  Many ligaments and muscle tendons provide for the stability of the knee.  The knee plays an important role in shock absorbing during jumping and running.  The basic movement of the knee joint is flexion and extension. 

Twelve muscles move the knee.  They are grouped into three groups:  quadriceps in front, hamstrings in the back and adductors near the groin.

Knee extension facilitates jumping, running, kicking, lifting, pushing and "cutting" - changing direction in movement.

 

Should you have any further questions regarding this article, please direct your questions or comments to "Ask the Doctor" section.

 

Copyright © 2004 - 2012Taras V. Kochno, M.D.  All Rights Reserved
Board Certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

 

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